粤海清庙

基本信息

粤海清庙 (Wak Hai Cheng Bio),坐落于新加坡商业区菲利普街30号B,是该国最古老的道教寺庙之一。按照官方说法,粤海清庙在1826年正式重建为一间双殿庙宇,主奉妈祖与玄天上帝,是新加坡最古老的妈祖庙与及玄天上帝庙。1845年,潮侨成立了新加坡义安公司,该庙便归义安公司所管理。1852年至1855年间,进行扩建工程。1896年又进行全面重建。该庙也由一间亚答小庙,变成水泥屋瓦,雕梁画栋,香火旺盛的大庙。走过了近两百年的光辉历程,粤海清庙在1996年成为新加坡受保护的国家古迹,经过大规模修复后,在2014年获得联合国亚太文化资产保存优异奖。

随着移居新加坡的潮州人与日俱增,潮人移民社群也逐渐形成和壮大。在潮人社群形成后,伴随而来的便是宗教信仰的普及化。早期的潮人移民已清楚地意识到,在新的土地上生活需要宗教信仰。宗教信仰除了是移民从祖籍带到移居地的一种传统文化外,也是他们在彷徨和承受极大压力的生活中,祈求心境安宁和寻求精神寄托的重要渠道,这已经成为他们生活上不可分割的一部分,庙宇也便应运而生。

在新加坡出现的第一所潮人古庙,是在乾隆初年由林泮所建的“粤海清庙”,初时只是一亚答屋。昔日初抵移民必到庙礼拜天后圣母,以答神恩。19世纪20年代,又被当时在暹罗、新加坡之间从事航运的王钦、王丰顺等改建为庙。随着移民的日增,天后圣母信仰在新加坡迅速传播开来,香火也愈来愈盛。粤海清庙至迟到1826年,在天后宫的基础上,增建了奉供玄天上帝的上帝宫。此后,粤海清庙一再扩建。

跟据《潮侨溯源集》书中所述,粤海清庙最初是一间供奉妈祖的神坛,在1738年之前由澄海樟林人林泮所建,原址在“山顶仔”。后来由创办《万世顺公司》的庵埠东溪人王丰顺重建。从粤海清庙内找到的己卯年(公元1819)“天恩公”炉证明粤海清庙在1819年已经存在。

按照官方说法,粤海清庙在1826年正式重建为一间双殿庙宇,主奉妈祖与玄天上帝,成为新加坡最古老的妈祖庙与及玄天上帝庙。潮州人称神为“老爷”,大神敬称为“大老爷”,所以将粤海清庙俗称为“大老爷宫”。广籍人氏较喜欢用“孖庙”来称呼粤海清庙,是双殿庙的意识。

粤海清庙初期是由万世顺公司管理,到了1845年才由余有进等人组织的义安公司接管。义安公司是以潮州的前身义安郡命名,接管粤海清庙后继续扩建及重修,早期还将办公室设在庙内。今天,粤海清庙仍然是义安公司名下的产业,也仍是最具代表性的潮人庙宇,并已被列为受国家保护之古迹。除了潮州人,很多广东人也常到粤海清庙上香,特别在农历正月十四与十五更是人潮汹涌。许多香客每年都来送还接灯笼,糖狮和令旗。粤海清庙是间传统的潮州式建筑,屋顶上有非常细致的潮州雕塑及嵌瓷,燕尾上扬卷曲,墙壁和梁上也有精美的石雕与木雕。

基本信息

粤海清庙 (Wak Hai Cheng Bio),坐落于新加坡商业区菲利普街30号B,是该国最古老的道教寺庙之一。按照官方说法,粤海清庙在1826年正式重建为一间双殿庙宇,主奉妈祖与玄天上帝,是新加坡最古老的妈祖庙与及玄天上帝庙。1845年,潮侨成立了新加坡义安公司,该庙便归义安公司所管理。1852年至1855年间,进行扩建工程。1896年又进行全面重建。该庙也由一间亚答小庙,变成水泥屋瓦,雕梁画栋,香火旺盛的大庙。走过了近两百年的光辉历程,粤海清庙在1996年成为新加坡受保护的国家古迹,经过大规模修复后,在2014年获得联合国亚太文化资产保存优异奖。

随着移居新加坡的潮州人与日俱增,潮人移民社群也逐渐形成和壮大。在潮人社群形成后,伴随而来的便是宗教信仰的普及化。早期的潮人移民已清楚地意识到,在新的土地上生活需要宗教信仰。宗教信仰除了是移民从祖籍带到移居地的一种传统文化外,也是他们在彷徨和承受极大压力的生活中,祈求心境安宁和寻求精神寄托的重要渠道,这已经成为他们生活上不可分割的一部分,庙宇也便应运而生。

在新加坡出现的第一所潮人古庙,是在乾隆初年由林泮所建的“粤海清庙”,初时只是一亚答屋。昔日初抵移民必到庙礼拜天后圣母,以答神恩。19世纪20年代,又被当时在暹罗、新加坡之间从事航运的王钦、王丰顺等改建为庙。随着移民的日增,天后圣母信仰在新加坡迅速传播开来,香火也愈来愈盛。粤海清庙至迟到1826年,在天后宫的基础上,增建了奉供玄天上帝的上帝宫。此后,粤海清庙一再扩建。

跟据《潮侨溯源集》书中所述,粤海清庙最初是一间供奉妈祖的神坛,在1738年之前由澄海樟林人林泮所建,原址在“山顶仔”。后来由创办《万世顺公司》的庵埠东溪人王丰顺重建。从粤海清庙内找到的己卯年(公元1819)“天恩公”炉证明粤海清庙在1819年已经存在。

按照官方说法,粤海清庙在1826年正式重建为一间双殿庙宇,主奉妈祖与玄天上帝,成为新加坡最古老的妈祖庙与及玄天上帝庙。潮州人称神为“老爷”,大神敬称为“大老爷”,所以将粤海清庙俗称为“大老爷宫”。广籍人氏较喜欢用“孖庙”来称呼粤海清庙,是双殿庙的意识。

粤海清庙初期是由万世顺公司管理,到了1845年才由余有进等人组织的义安公司接管。义安公司是以潮州的前身义安郡命名,接管粤海清庙后继续扩建及重修,早期还将办公室设在庙内。今天,粤海清庙仍然是义安公司名下的产业,也仍是最具代表性的潮人庙宇,并已被列为受国家保护之古迹。除了潮州人,很多广东人也常到粤海清庙上香,特别在农历正月十四与十五更是人潮汹涌。许多香客每年都来送还接灯笼,糖狮和令旗。粤海清庙是间传统的潮州式建筑,屋顶上有非常细致的潮州雕塑及嵌瓷,燕尾上扬卷曲,墙壁和梁上也有精美的石雕与木雕。

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